Jump to content
Invision Community
FORUMS BLOG/NEWS USER BLOGS USER MEDIA ADVERTS   ADD  MANAGE CHAT CLUBS & USER PERSONAL FORUMS LINK EXCHANGE
CAR RESOURCES Car Insurance Comparison Car Warranty Comparison Car Extended Warranties Car Alarm System Hybrid Cars Self-driving Cars Drunk Driving Lawyer Car Accident Lawyers Motor Vehicle Insurance

All Activity

This stream auto-updates     

  1. Yesterday
  2. Vietnam Active Brands ChienThang La Dalat THACO VinFast wikipedia.org
  3. Ukraine ZAZ (1923–present) United Arab Emirates Devel Motors Zarooq Motors W Motors United Kingdom Active brands Ariel (1991–present) Ascari (1995–2010) Aston Martin (1913–present) Bentley (1919–present) Bristol (1946–present) Caterham Cars (1957–present) David Brown (2013–present) Ford Ginetta (1958–present) Jaguar (1935–present) Jowett (1906–1954) Lagonda Land Rover (1948–present) Lister Lotus (1952–present) Mini McLaren (2010–present) Morgan (1910–present) Radical (1997–present) Rolls-Royce (1904–present) TVR (1946–present) Vauxhall (1903–present) United States of America Active brands AM General, Vehicle Production Group (2011—13) Anteros (2005–present) Aurica (2010–present) Buick (1903–present) BXR (2008–present) Cadillac (1902–present) Chevrolet (1911–present) Chrysler (1925–present) Custom Crafted Cars (2013–present) Dodge (1900–present) Elio Motors (2009–present) Equus Automotive (2014–present) E-Z-GO (1954–present) Falcon (2009–present) Faraday (2014–present) Ford (1903–present) General Motors (1908–present) GMC (1913–present) Hennessey (1991–present) Jeep (1941–present) Karma (2016–present) (Formerly Fisker inc.) Lincoln (1917–present) Local (2007—present) Lucid (2014–present) Lyons (2011–present) Niama-Reisser (2005–present) Panoz (1989–present) Polaris (1954–present) Racefab (1991–present) Ram Trucks (2010–present) Rezvani (2014–present) Rossion (2007–present) Saleen (1980–present) Scuderia Cameron Glickenhaus Shelby American (1992–present) SSC (1999–present) Tesla (2003–present) Trion Supercars (2012–present) Zimmer (1978–1988, 1997–present) Uruguay Active brands Nordex wikipedia.org
  4. Taiwan CMC (1973–present) Formosa Luxgen SYM Thunder Power Tobe Yue Long/Yulon/YLN (affiliated to Nissan) Thailand Akepanich C-FEE Cherdchai Deva Kwaithong Mine Siam V.M.C. Thai Rung Vera Tunisia Barkia (2010–present) Industries Mécaniques Maghrébines (1982–1988, 1991–present) Wallyscar (2007–present) Turkey Anadol Devrim Diardi Etox Özaltin Tofaş (1968–date) wikipedia.org
  5. Serbia Active brands FCA Srbija (2008–present) Zastava TERVO (2017–present) Slovenia Active brands Revoz South Africa Active brands Birkin (1982–present) Harper Sports Cars (2014–present) Perana (2007–present) Puma (1973–1974, 1989–1991, 2006–present) Shaka (1995–present) Superformance (1996–present) Uri International Vehicle & Equipment Marketing (2008–present) South Korea Active brands CT&T Genesis Hyundai Kia Renault Samsung Ssangyong Edison Motors Spain Active brands Comarth Cupra DSD Design and Motorsport GTA Motor Hurtan SEAT Spania GTA Tramontana (sports car) Tauro Sport Auto UROVESA Sweden Active brands Volvo (1927 - Present) Koenigsegg (1994 - Present) NEVS (2012 - Present)/(Bought out SAAB) Von Braun Holding Company (2014 - Present) wikipedia.org
  6. Pakistan Active brands Atlas Honda Honda Atlas Cars Pakistan Dewan Farooque Motors FAW Pakistan Ghandhara Nissan Ghandhara Industries Heavy Industries Taxila Hinopak Master Millat Tractors Pak Suzuki Indus Motors Company Yamaha Motor Pakistan Sazgar Sohrab Cycles Indus Motors Company Poland FSO Polski Fiat (1932–1939, 1968–1992) Romania Active brands Dacia (1966–present) Ford România S.A. (2008–present) Russia Active brands[edit] GAZ (1932–present) Lada (1966–present) UAZ (1941–present) ZiL (1916–present) wikipedia.org
  7. Malaysia Bufori Proton Perodua TD2000 Inokom Assal Mexico Autobuses King Cimex Dina FANASA Grupo Electrico Motorizado Mastretta VAM Vhul Zacua Mozambique Matchedje Motors (2014–2017) owned by China Tong Jian Investment - built rebadged Fudi F16 pickups. Namibia Uri-Automobile (1995–2008 moved to South Africa) Nepal Mustang Max Netherlands Active brands Donkervoort Van Doorne's Automobiel Fabrieken Spyker (2000–present) New Zealand Active brands Almac (1985–present) Alternative Cars (1984–present) Chevron (1984–present) Fraser (1988–present) Hulme (2005–present) Leitch (1986–present) Saker (1989–present) Nigeria Izuogu (1997–2006) Innoson Vehicle Manufacturing North Korea Pyeonghwa Motors Pyongsang Auto Works Sungri Motors wikipedia.org
  8. Japan Active brands Acura Daihatsu Datsun Honda Infiniti Isuzu Lexus Mazda Mitsubishi Mitsuoka Nissan Subaru Suzuki Toyota Yamaha Motor Kenya Mobius (2013) Nyayo (1986–1999) wikipedia.org
  9. Hungary Active brands Under construction Harasta Ltd. India Ashok Leyland Bajaj Chinkara Force Motors Hindustan (1963–2014) Ford Motor Renault Hradyesh Hindustan Motors ICML (Ended in 2018) Mahindra & Mahindra Maruti (1983–2007) Maruti Suzuki (2007–present) Premier (1947–2016) Reva San (1997–2002) Sipani Motors (Sunrise Auto Industries) (1973–1995) Standard (1949–1988) Tata Trishul Jeep (1953) Raj Ferrari (2018) DC Motors Indonesia Megatech Timor AAI Komodo Tawon Car Esemka Iran Bahman Diar Iran Khodro (1962–present) Khodro Kaveer Kish Khodro Morattab MVM Pars Khodro (1967–present) Paykan Reyan SAIPA (1966–present) Shahab Khodro Zagross Khodro Israel Active brands AIL Italy Active brands Abarth Alfa Romeo DR Ferrari Fiat Giannini Lamborghini Lancia Maserati Mazzanti Pagani Pininfarina wikipedia.org
  10. Finland Toroidion (2015–present) France Active brands Alpine Bugatti Citroën DS Peugeot Renault Venturi Germany Active brands Audi BMW Ford Mercedes-AMG Mercedes-Benz Opel Porsche Smart Volkswagen Greece Active brands ELVO (1973–present) Korres (2002–present) Namco (1973–present) Replicar Hellas (2007–present) wikipedia.org
  11. Denmark Active brands PVP Karting Zenvo Automotive (2012-present) Egypt Active brands[ Egy-Tech (2010–present) Speranza (1998–present) Ethiopia Holland Car (2005–2013) wikipedia.org
  12. Canada Active brands ElectraMeccanica (2015–present) HTT (automobile) (2010–present) Intermeccanica (1959–present) China BAIC Group Baolong (1998–present) Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Corporation Beijing Automobile Works (1958–present) BYD (2003–present) Chang'an Motors (1990–present) Changhe (since 1986) Hafei Chery (Qirui) (1997–present) Dadi Dongfeng (1969–present) Dongfeng Fengshen Venucia (2010–present) First Automobile Works (FAW) (1953–present) Haima Automobile (2004–present) Hongqi (Red Flag) (1958–present) Huali FAW Tianjin (Xiali) (1986–present) Forta Foton (1996–present) Fudi (1996–present) Fukang (company) (1990–present) Fuqi Geely (Jili) (1998–present) Zhejiang Geely Automobile Shanghai Maple Guorun Automobile (2003–present) And is the majority shareholder in LTI Shanghai Automobile Great Wall Motors (1984–present) Haval Green Field Motor (2010–present) Guangzhou Automobile Industry Group (GAIG) (2000–present) GAC Group Gonow Trumpchi Changfeng Motor Liebao Guangqi Honda Everus Guizhou / Yunque Hwanghai Hawtai (Huatai) Huachen (Brilliance) Jinbei (1992–present) Zhonghua (1985–present) Huanghai Huayang Jianghuai (JAC) (1999–present) Jiangling (JMC) (1993–present) Kingstar (2004–Present) Landwind Jiangnan (company) (1988–present) Jonway (2005–present) Lifan (2005–present) Li Nian (Everus) (2010–present ) Qoros (2013–present) Shaanxi Automobile Group SAIC Motor Roewe (2006–present) Wuling (1958–present) Nanjing Automobile Corporation (NAC) (1947–present) Nanjing Soyat (2004–present) Yuejin (1995–present) Sichuan Tengzhong Shuanghuan (1998–present) Soueast Motors / Dongnan Tianma (Heavenly Horse) (1995–present) Tongtian (2002–present) Venucia (2010–present) Xinkai (1984–present) Yema Auto (1994–present) Youngman (2001–present) Yutong Group Polarsun Automobile (Zhongshun) (2004–present) Zhongxing (Zxauto) (1991–present) Zhongyu (2004–present) Zotye (2005–present) Domy Auto Croatia Rimac DOK-ING Crobus Czech Republic Active brands Avia (1919–present) Gordon (1997–present) Jawa (1929–present) Kaipan (1997–present) Karosa (1896–present (since 2007 IVECO BUS)) MTX / Metalex (1969–present) Praga (1907–present) Škoda (1895–present) SVOS (1992–present) Tatra (1850–present)
  13. Argentina Active brands Adelmo ASA (1985–present) de Carlo Feresa Koller Oliva Winograd Australia Active brands Birchfield (2003–2004) Bolwell (1963–present) Bullet (1996–present) Carbontech (1999–present) Classic Glass Daytona (2002–present) Devaux (2001–present) DRB (1997–present) E-Vade Elfin (1957–present) Finch Joss Nota (1955–present) Pioneer (1897–1898) PRB Python (1981–present) Tomcar (2005–present) Azerbaijan Active brands NAZ (2010–present) Ganja Machine Factory (1986–present) AzSamand (2006–present) Khazar (2018–present) Belgium Active brands Edran (1984–present) Gillet (1982–present) Imperia (2008–present) Ecar (2015–present) Brazil Active brands Abais Adamo GT Agrale (1982–present) Americar Amoritz GT Avallone Bianco BRM Buggy (1969–present) Bugre (1970–present) Centaurus Chamonix (1987–present) Dacon (?-1964) Dardo (1981) Democrata (1967) Edra (1989–present) Kremer Lobini (2002–present) Matra San Vito TAC (2004–present) Tanger[ Troller (1998–present) Vemag Villa GT Volkswagen (1953–present) W.W. Trevis (1998–present) Bulgaria Active brands Litex Motors SIN Cars wikipedia.org
  14. 03 Chevrolet Volt The Chevrolet Volt is a hatchback plug-in hybrid that is designed to on electricity until charge drops enough for the gas engine to kick in.The Volt is one of the most notable hybrids to be launched over the last 10 years and this vehicle doesn't disappoint. Power-wise, the 2017 Chevy Volt sports a standard 1.5L four-cylinder engine that makes 101 hp. Adding in two motor generators and a lithium-ion battery pack boosts power output to 149 hp. 2017-2019 Chevrolet Volt standard equipment includes: 17-inch wheels LED headlights and taillights Keyless entry and ignition Remote start Eight-inch touchscreen Automatic emergency braking 02 Ford Fusion Hybrid The Ford Fusion Hybrid offers a sporty and stylish vehicle that's built to go the distance. This hybrid car's 188 hp 2.0L four-cylinder engine has plenty of get up and go and its powerful electric motor kicks in effortlessly. The EPA-estimated fuel economy is 42 mpg combined. 2017-2019 Ford Fusion Hybrid standard equipment includes: 17-inch wheels Dual-zone automatic climate control Active noise control Keyless entry Rearview camera 9-speaker audio system Two 4.2-inch LCD displays 01 Toyota Prius All this talk of hybrid cars began with the Toyota Prius, and it's at the top of our list for good reason. The Prius offers something for everyone— proactive and cutting-edge design, and good old-fashioned common sense to its hatchback body style. You'll have space for your friends and belongings as well. Of course, it's the powertrain that makes the real difference, and the 2017 Prius works hard to meet your needs. The 2017 Prius Two Eco gets an EPA-estimated 56 combined mpg. If you go up a year, the 2018 Toyota Prius standard equipment includes: 4.2-inch driver information display Cloth upholstery Rearview camera 6.1-inch touchscreen carmax.com
  15. 05 Toyota Prius C The smallest Prius hybrid offers everything green-minded drivers could ask for, all in a sleek package. And while Toyota discontinued the Prius c after the 2019 model year, there are still plenty to choose from as the Prius c was originally launched for the 2012 model year. The 2017 model boasts a powertrain that features a 1.5L four-cylinder engine and CVT. Total output reaches 99 hp. The 2017 Prius c gets an EPA-estimated 46 mpg combined. If you decide to go up a year, the 2018 Toyota Prius c standard equipment includes: USB connection AM/FM stereo Speed-sensitive volume control 04 Ford Fusion Energi The Ford Fusion Energi should top your list if you are looking for a practical commuter car with the style that turns heads. The Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid is full of power. The 2017 model delivers a combined output of 188 hp and an EPA-estimated 38 mpg combined. For those looking for a newer model, the 2019 Ford Fusion Energi includes the following standard equipment: USB connection Audio and cruise controls on steering wheel Electrochromatic inside rearview mirror carmax.com
  16. 07 Kia Optima Hybrid Featuring the same look and feel as a traditional Kia sedan, this hybrid presents an attractive option if you're sedan shopping. The 2017 Kia Optima Hybrid has a 2.0L hybrid engine and six-speed automatic transmission. The combined power rating is 192 hp, with an EPA-estimated of 42 mpg combined . Available trims for the 2017 model year include the Premium and EX. The 2018 Kia Optima Hybrid model offers the following standard features: 17-inch wheels Eight-inch touchscreen with navigation Leather seat trim 06 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid The Lincoln MKZ Hybrid turns heads. Built with style in mind, this entry-level midsize luxury sedan also gets noticed for its comfortable interior and hybrid capability. In fact, it's among the best examples of hybrid technology in the luxury space. Performance-wise, the 2017 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid offers a smooth 2.0L four-cylinder engine mated to a CVT and adds an electric motor and a lithium-ion battery as well. Fuel mileage with this engine is estimated by the EPA to deliver 40 mpg combined. A newer model like the 2019 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid offers the following standard equipment: Front seatback storage Leather steering wheel Keyless ignition carmax.com
  17. 09 Toyota Camry Hybrid If you're looking for a little more pep in your hybrid vehicle, look at the Toyota Camry Hybrid—a capable option that makes the most of the electric motor's instant torque and includes the other benefits of a midsize sedan. Powered by a 2.5L four-cylinder hybrid engine (with CVT), the 2017 Camry Hybrid gets 200 hp and an EPA-estimated fuel economy of 40 mpg combined. The 2017 Toyota Camry Hybrid is available in three trims: LE, SE, and XLE. 2018 Toyota Camry Hybrid standard equipment includes: Adaptive cruise control Keyless ignition Leather and simulated alloy steering wheel 08 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid The Sonata looks long and low-slung, a cool hybrid sedan that seats five passengers in plenty of comfort and style—perfect for the next great adventure. The 2017 Sonata Hybrid keeps pace with a blend of style, features, and function. This vehicle starts with a 2.0L hybrid engine and six-speed automatic transmission. The combined power rating is 193 hp, with an EPA-estimated fuel economy of 42 mpg combined. The 2017 Sonata Hybrid is available in SE and Limited trim levels. A newer model, like the 2019 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid offers the following standard features: Cloth upholstery Bluetooth Apple CarPlay and Android Auto™ compatibility. carmax.com
  18. 11 Honda Accord Hybrid Take one of the world's most popular midsize sedans and add hybrid technology. What you get is a comfortable vehicle, ready for the day-to-day and those long highway commutes. The EPA-estimated fuel economy on the 2017 Accord Hybrid with the 2.0L engine is a combined 48 mpg. You’ll also enjoy the 2019 Honda Accord Hybrid model, that offers the following standard equipment: Adaptive cruise control Four-way manual front passenger seat adjustment Split-folding rear seats 10 Toyota Prius V “V" stands for versatility, and that's exactly what the Toyota Prius v offers. Discontinued after 2017, This hybrid provides cargo space for stowing your kids' sports equipment, packing for family vacations, and handling those large grocery runs. All of that is possible with the capability of a hybrid powertrain. The 2017 model year is powered by a 1.8L engine with two electric motors outputting 134 hp. Sending that power to the front wheels is a CVT. The 2017 Prius with a 1.8L engine gets an EPA-estimated EPA-estimated fuel economy for this 2017 set up with the 1.8L engine is a combined 41 mpg. 2017 Toyota Prius v standard equipment includes: 16-inch alloy wheels Keyless entry Automatic climate control carmax.com
  19. 13 Toyota Avalon Hybrid With style, room, and tech substance, the Toyota Avalon Hybrid sports many exciting features. This is a smooth-riding, tech-laden, stylish large sedan that also features an admirable EPA-estimated fuel-economy of 40 mpg combined in the 2017 model with its standard 2.5L engine. That same engine allows the 2017 model to boast a total output of 200 hp. Trims include the XLE Plus, XLE Premium, and Limited model. For a newer model like the 2019 Toyota Avalon Hybrid, you’ll expect the following standard equipment: Bluetooth® Nine-inch touchscreen Apple CarPlay ® Five USB ports 12 Toyota Prius Plug In Hybrid Known as the Toyota Prius Prime in the U.S., Toyota's plug-in hybrid has been among the top hybrids available since its debut in 2012. For the 2017 model year, the Prius Prime is in its second generation (2017 to present) and stays true to the mission of offering a hybrid experience in a stylish and practical vehicle. Looking for a newer model? The 2019 Toyota Prius Prime standard equipment includes: Front and rear cupholders Leatherette steering wheel Interior air filtration carmax.com
  20. 15 Honda Civic Hybrid Discontinued after the 2015 model year, the compact Honda Civic Hybrid continues to be a popular car on our lots. Few vehicles blend the practicality of a hybrid powertrain with features that make the Civic lineup. The 2015 Honda Civic Hybrid is powered by a standard 1.5L four-cylinder gas engine and continuously variable transmission (CVT) with an electric motor and a lithium-ion battery pack. The EPA gives the 2015 Honda Civic Hybrid an estimated fuel economy of 45 mpg combined. 2015 Honda Civic Hybrid standard equipment includes: 60/40-split-folding rear seat Right-side blind-spot camera Automatic headlights 14 Honda CR-Z Known as a sport hybrid, the Honda CR-Z hybrid was discontinued after the 2016 model year. It's a nice alternative if you're looking to combine hybrid technology with expressive and sporty styling. The 2016 CR-Z is powered by a 1.5L four-cylinder gasoline engine and electric motor, mated to a manual transmission. The 2016 CR-Z with the 1.5L engine gets an EPA-estimated 37 mpg combined. 2016 Honda CR-Z standard equipment includes: Automatic climate control Rearview camera Six-speaker sound system carmax.com
  21. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) Another subtype of hybrid vehicles is the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). The plug-in hybrid is usually a general fuel-electric (parallel or serial) hybrid with increased energy storage capacity, usually through a lithium-ion battery, which allows the vehicle to drive on all-electric mode a distance that depends on the battery size and its mechanical layout (series or parallel). It may be connected to mains electricity supply at the end of the journey to avoid charging using the on-board internal combustion engine. This concept is attractive to those seeking to minimize on-road emissions by avoiding – or at least minimizing – the use of ICE during daily driving. As with pure electric vehicles, the total emissions saving, for example in CO2 terms, is dependent upon the energy source of the electricity generating company. For some users, this type of vehicle may also be financially attractive so long as the electrical energy being used is cheaper than the petrol/diesel that they would have otherwise used. Current tax systems in many European countries use mineral oil taxation as a major income source. This is generally not the case for electricity, which is taxed uniformly for the domestic customer, however that person uses it. Some electricity suppliers also offer price benefits for off-peak night users, which may further increase the attractiveness of the plug-in option for commuters and urban motorists. Road safety for cyclists, pedestrians A 2009 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration report examined hybrid electric vehicle accidents that involved pedestrians and cyclists and compared them to accidents involving internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV). The findings showed that, in certain road situations, HEVs are more dangerous for those on foot or bicycle. For accidents where a vehicle was slowing or stopping, backing up, entering or leaving a parking space (when the sound difference between HEVs and ICEVs is most pronounced), HEVs were twice as likely to be involved in a pedestrian crash than ICEVs. For crashes involving cyclists or pedestrians, there was a higher incident rate for HEVs than ICEVs when a vehicle was turning a corner. But there was no statistically significant difference between the types of vehicles when they were driving straight. Several automakers developed electric vehicle warning sounds designed to alert pedestrians to the presence of electric drive vehicles such as hybrid electric vehicle, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles (EVs) travelling at low speeds. Their purpose is to make pedestrians, cyclists, the blind, and others aware of the vehicle's presence while operating in all-electric mode. Vehicles in the market with such safety devices include the Nissan Leaf, Chevrolet Volt, Fisker Karma, Honda FCX Clarity, Nissan Fuga Hybrid/Infiniti M35, Hyundai ix35 FCEV, Hyundai Sonata Hybrid, 2012 Honda Fit EV, the 2012 Toyota Camry Hybrid, 2012 Lexus CT200h, and all Prius family cars recently introduced, including the standard 2012 model year Prius, the Toyota Prius v, and the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid. wikipedia.org
  22. Last week
  23. Parallel hybrid In a parallel hybrid vehicle an electric motor and an internal combustion engine are coupled such that they can power the vehicle either individually or together. Most commonly the internal combustion engine, the electric motor and gear box are coupled by automatically controlled clutches. For electric driving the clutch between the internal combustion engine is open while the clutch to the gear box is engaged. While in combustion mode the engine and motor run at the same speed. The first mass production parallel hybrid sold outside Japan was the 1st generation Honda Insight. Mild parallel hybrid These types use a generally compact electric motor (usually <20 kW) to provide auto-stop/start features and to provide extra power assist during the acceleration, and to generate on the deceleration phase (aka regenerative braking). On-road examples include Honda Civic Hybrid, Honda Insight 2nd generation, Honda CR-Z, Honda Accord Hybrid, Mercedes Benz S400 BlueHYBRID, BMW 7 Series hybrids, General Motors BAS Hybrids, Suzuki S-Cross, Suzuki Wagon R and Smart fortwo with micro hybrid drive. Power-split or series-parallel hybrid In a power-split hybrid electric drive train there are two motors: a traction electric motor and an internal combustion engine. The power from these two motors can be shared to drive the wheels via a power split device, which is a simple planetary gear set. The ratio can be from 100% for the combustion engine to 100% for the traction electric motor, or anything in between, such as 40% for the electric motor and 60% for the combustion engine. The combustion engine can act as a generator charging the batteries. Modern versions such as the Toyota Hybrid Synergy Drive have a second electric motor/generator connected to the planetary gear. In cooperation with the traction motor/generator and the power-split device this provides a continuously variable transmission. On the open road, the primary power source is the internal combustion engine. When maximum power is required, for example to overtake, the traction electric motor is used to assist. This increases the available power for a short period, giving the effect of having a larger engine than actually installed. In most applications, the combustion engine is switched off when the car is slow or stationary thereby reducing curbside emissions. Passenger car installations include Toyota Prius, Ford Escape and Fusion, as well as Lexus RX400h, RX450h, GS450h, LS600h, and CT200h. Series hybrid A series- or serial-hybrid vehicle is driven by an electric motor, functioning as an electric vehicle while the battery pack energy supply is sufficient, with an engine tuned for running as a generator when the battery pack is insufficient. There is typically no mechanical connection between the engine and the wheels, and the primary purpose of the range extender is to charge the battery. Series-hybrids have also been referred to as extended range electric vehicle, range-extended electric vehicle, or electric vehicle-extended range (EREV/REEV/EVER). The BMW i3 with Range Extender is a production series-hybrid. It operates as an electric vehicle until the battery charge is low, and then activates an engine-powered generator to maintain power, and is also available without the range extender. The Fisker Karma was the first series-hybrid production vehicle. When describing cars, the battery of a series-hybrid is usually charged by being plugged in - but a series-hybrid may also allow for a battery to only act as a buffer (and for regeneration purposes), and for the electric motor's power to be supplied constantly by a supporting engine. Series arrangements have been common in diesel-electric locomotives and ships. Ferdinand Porsche effectively invented this arrangement in speed-record-setting racing cars in the early 20th century, such as the Lohner-Porsche Mixte Hybrid. Porsche named his arrangement "System Mixt" and it was a wheel hub motor design, where each of the two front wheels was powered by a separate motor. This arrangement was sometimes referred to as an electric transmission, as the electric generator and driving motor replaced a mechanical transmission. The vehicle could not move unless the internal combustion engine was running. In 1997 Toyota released the first series-hybrid bus sold in Japan. GM introduced the Chevy Volt series plug-in hybrid in 2010, aiming for an all-electric range of 40 mi (64 km), though this car also has a mechanical connection between the engine and drivetrain. Supercapacitors combined with a lithium ion battery bank have been used by AFS Trinity in a converted Saturn Vue SUV vehicle. Using supercapacitors they claim up to 150 mpg in a series-hybrid arrangement. wikipedia.org
  24. A hybrid vehicle uses two or more distinct types of power, such as internal combustion engine to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, e.g. in diesel-electric trains using diesel engines to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, and submarines that use diesels when surfaced and batteries when submerged. Other means to store energy include pressurized fluid in hydraulic hybrids. The basic principle with hybrid vehicles is that the different motors work better at different speeds; the electric motor is more efficient at producing torque, or turning power, and the combustion engine is better for maintaining high speed (better than typical electric motor). Switching from one to the other at the proper time while speeding up yields a win-win in terms of energy efficiency, as such that translates into greater fuel efficiency, for example. wikipedia.org
  25. 3. BMW i3 Latest BMW i3 deals from £15,491 Monthly finance from £268 Even though the car first went on sale four years ago, the BMW i3 still looks futuristic, thanks to its oddly-shaped windows, rear-opening back doors and squat bonnet that doesn’t need to accommodate an engine. The interior is up to he quality standards of any other BMW and it drives fairly nimbly too, with that fast electric acceleration and good grip in corners, which allow you to drive confidently. The range of the original car is around 100 miles but that was extended to 125 miles from early 2017 with the 94Ah model. For more range, there's the more expensive range-extender version. This has a small supplementary petrol engine that powers the electric motor should the batteries run out of charge. 4. Hyundai Ioniq Latest Hyundai Ioniq deals from £21,999 Monthly finance from £329 The Ioniq is full-size family car that comes in three versions: a hybrid, combining a petrol engine with an electric motor; the plug-in hybrid which can be charged to provide pure electric motoring for around 30 miles. Finally, there’s the full-electric Ioniq. This has a real-world range of around 130 miles on a full charge. It’s quiet around town and on the open road, and accelerates quickly, too. Although it costs more than an equivalent Nissan Leaf, the Ioniq feels more upmarket, with a high level of standard equipment and more conventional interior, which helps to justify the cost. Being a Hyundai, it comes with a five-year warranty from new which means a 2017-registered model still has four years’ cover remaining. 5. VW e-Golf Latest VW e-Golf deals from £19,991 Monthly finance from £252 For the ultimate in understated electric motoring, you’ll want the Volkswagen e-Golf. You’d be hard pushed to tell it apart from its petrol and diesel equivalents, which is a large part of its appeal. It feels like a traditional Golf to drive, too: solid, composed and steady in corners. Being an electric car, it zooms away from a standstill and can cruise at 70mph on the motorway without difficulty. Saying that, high speeds will reduce the battery’s range. In average motoring, the e-Golf’s range is around 125 miles, compared with VW’s official claim of 186 miles. buyacar.co.uk
  26. Cut-price recharging, free road tax - and the cars start at just over £100 per month: these are the cheapest used electric cars They might be cheap to run, but electric cars have a reputation of being expensive to buy, which isn't helped by some substantial price tags being slapped on the most desirable - and therefore well known - electric models. The Jaguar I-Pace, for example, costs from more than £60,000, to say nothing of the Tesla Model X, which can easily exceed £100,000 with a few additional options. But below the flashier end of the market sit plenty of far cheaper alternatives. These won't break the bank to buy or to finance, and will also come with the cheap recharging costs, zero road tax, and low company car tax associated with electric cars. At the moment, the cheapest electric cars start at £7,990 or from £133 per month on finance. You'll usually find that the very cheapest cars require you to lease the battery, adding an additional amount to your monthly payments A word of warning about electric cars; just like with mobile phones, battery life reduces significantly the more the battery is used. Most manufacturers offer a five to ten year battery life warranty, or around 60-100,000 miles. If the battery reduces below a certain percentage rate (depending on the manufacturer) the manufacturer will have to replace the battery. 1. Renault Zoe Latest Renault Zoe deals from £7,990 Monthly finance from £133 If you like the idea of electric motoring but don't want to shout about it, the Renault Zoe could be for you. It looks just like any petrol or diesel-powered small car, the only giveaway being the large blue bonnet badge concealing its charging point. It’s a roomy car that can easily seat five people, although rear passengers do sit higher than normal because the batteries are tucked away under the back seat. The 338-litre boot is bigger than a Renault Clio's, so it’s quite practical. The Zoe is good to drive, with brisk acceleration from a standing start. It leans a little in corners and will thump harshly over some potholes but on the whole, it’s perfectly comfortable. Older cars have a 22kWh battery with a real-world range of around about 100 miles. More recent ones have a bigger 41kWh battery for 180 miles of driving between charges. Most Zoes require you to lease the battery separately, from £49 per month (£59 for 41kWh batteries). Versions badged ‘i’ include the battery but are more expensive. 2. Nissan Leaf Latest Nissan Leaf deals from £8,950 Monthly finance from £150 The car that started the electric revolution has a loyal following. People like its roomy, practical interior, comfortable driving experience and decent 100-mile range between charges that you can realistically expect. At 370 litres the boot is around the same size as a VW Golf’s and will comfortably swallow a week’s family shopping. If you need more load space, it’s possible to fold down the rear seats. The only real downside to Leaf ownership is the model’s ungainly looks. It can’t be a coincidence that the all-new version launched in early 2017 looks more conventional. buyacar.co.uk
  27. Retrofitted electric vehicles Any car can be converted to an electric vehicle using plug and play kits of making custom solutions. The conversion of internal combustion engine cars to electric cars is called Retrofitted Electric Vehicles. Electric cars by country Global sales of highway legal plug-in electric passenger cars and light utility vehicles achieved the one million milestone in September 2015, almost twice as fast as hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). Cumulative global sales of light-duty all-electric vehicles reached one million units in September 2016. Cumulative global sales of plug-in passenger cars passed 2 million in December 2016, the 3 million mark in November 2017, and the 5 million milestone in December 2018. Despite the rapid growth experienced, the global stock of plug-in electric cars represented just about 1 out of every 250 vehicles (0.40%) on the world's roads by the end of 2018. As of December 2018, the global stock of pure electric passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (utility vans) totaled about 3.45 million units, representing 65% of all light-duty plug-in vehicles on the world's roads. All-electric cars have oversold plug-in hybrids for several years, and by the end of 2018, the plug-in market continues to shift towards fully electric battery vehicles. The global ratio between annual sales of battery BEVs (electric vehicles) and PHEVs (hybrid electric vehicles) went from 56:44 in 2012, to 60:40 in 2015, and rose to 69:31 in 2018. wikipedia.org
  1. Load more activity
×
×
  • Create New...